Desert Hiking Safety

Hiking the deserts of Southern Utah – with wide-open spaces and endless routes to amazing landscapes – provides a wealth of experiences for the outdoors person in everyone.   As you plan your adventure, take the time to glean as much knowledge from the locals as possible in order to have an amazing experience.  The following thoughts come from twenty years of hiking these deserts and instructing folks on staying safe in the desert.

 

As you embark into the desert it is important to know your abilities: not just your physical abilities, but your abilities of reading the weather and terrain as well.   Deciding on a hike that is suited to your full scope of abilities is essential.   This thumbnail sketch of things to consider will help you prepare. 

                                                                                                                                                                      

Terrain Considerations

                                                                                                                                                                      

Routes vs. Trails

The southern Utah deserts have a plethora of routes, which are merely a way to go from one place to another.  Most hikers, however, are accustomed to trails that are planned and maintained.  Far too often, hikers discover that what was described in a guidebook or on a website as a “trail” is actually a hard to navigate route.  In the canyons of the Escalante River, only a few trails have been designed and constructed, a few more trails have become quite obvious because of heavy use, and the rest of the hikes are along routes that are unmarked and trail-less.  Be mindful that routes take a significantly higher level of navigation and hiking skill when compared to a trail.

Rough Terrain

Hiking routes are often over rocky or loose terrain.  Hikers typically find that walking sticks are helpful to ensure proper footing and balance for much of the terrain. Hiking routes also may have sections that traverse along a ledge or cover slopes with loose rocks.  Walk carefully and be careful not to dislodge a rock that may roll and cause injury to yourself or someone below you.

Plan for shorter hikes than your normal.

It may take a week or more for a physically fit person to acclimatize to a new environment and the desert terrain is often more physically demanding than one may expect.  As you plan for your southern Utah adventure, consider these suggestions,

  • Decrease your normal hiking range until you become accustomed to the environment and terrain.
  • Plan a rest day for every 3-4 days of hiking, take this time to explore some of the attractions in town or take a driving tour.

                                                                                                                                                                     

Navigation Considerations

                                                                                                                                                                     

Refresh your map and compass navigation skills

Functional map and compass skills are beneficial in this terrain.  Guidebooks, social media or trail descriptor websites rarely provide adequate information for navigating backcountry routes.  Also, would you risk your safety on the advise of a crowd sourced trail description website; who knows the qualifications of the person who put the “thin red line” on the map.  (I have helped numerous confused hikers who are unsuccessfully using internet resources to navigate.)

Map Reading

A proper map for navigating the desert.

Internet Resources

A map obtained from a trail description service on the internet. On a phone, this map would be at most 3″ x 4″. This map lacks enough detail for navigating the desert, and the red line covers the important details. Yet, people rely – sometimes unsuccessfully – on these low level navigation tools to hike the challenging terrain of the desert canyons.

Hike trails and routes that are within your navigation skill level

Hiking routes that you are capable of navigating is the way to have a great day.  The desert has confused many a traveler over the years.  Our modern technologies do not provide us a significant advantage, in fact they may create disadvantages since they cause us to lack an awareness of the landscape.  The local visitor centers are able to help you in determination hikes that are appropriate for your level of navigation skill.  This list of Day Hikes in the Escalante Canyons is a good starting point for hikers with limited navigation skills.

Map and Compass Skill Levels

Rate your navigation skills using the scale below.

Novice – Has little if any knowledge of map and compass navigation. Is most comfortable on maintained trails with clear and distinct trail markers.

Basic – has an introduction to basic map and compass concepts with little opportunity to explore the use of map and compass.  Prefers to navigate routes that are clearly identifiable. May be capable of noticing obscure trail markings.

Intermediate – Has an understanding of map and compass concepts and has taken time to practice these concepts in the field.  Prefers to navigate well defined routes and is uncomfortable with cross-country navigation.  Is capable of resolving basic navigational challenges.  May use map and compass skills once or twice a year.

Advanced – Is comfortable navigating cross-country routes, though prefers to have clear and distinct landmarks or handrails. Is capable of resolving moderate navigation challenges.  Understands map and compass and has the ability to use advanced techniques such as triangulation.  Uses map and compass a few times a year.

Experienced – Is completely comfortable navigating cross-country routes without trails or route markers.  Is capable of resolving complex navigation challenges. Has a complete understanding of map and compass and the techniques for using them.  Regularly uses map and compass on hikes and backpacking trips.

Leave a Hike Plan

Leave a hike plan with a responsible person letting them know, at the very least, where you will be, when you will return and when to call for help if you have not made contact.   It is also beneficial to note on your hike plan information regarding the car you will drive and where you will park the car.  Other details to include are clothing that is being worn, gear that is being carried and the skill level of members in the party.   Finally, stick to the hike plan unless you notify your responsible person.

 

Expect No Phone Reception   

Remember that cell phones have limited reception in the wilderness.  Calling for help may not be an option, which means be prepared to take care of yourself.

                                                                                                                                                                      

Weather Considerations

                                                                                                                                                                      

Inquire Locally about Local Weather

Your phone may help you understand what weather to expect. This page, Weather Links for Boulder, has links to the NOAA weather service for specific areas surrounding Boulder, Utah.

Local people, however, will help you understand how to anticipate the local weather patterns and how to avoid disasters.  Chat with a local at the visitor centers, your lodging or eateries.

Canyon Rains

Real time decisions are critical when evaluating the safety of hiking a slot canyon. Local knowledge of weather patterns and drainage boundaries are important. And, knowing alternate routes will help you avoid disasters. I decided that taking the alternate route would be wise.

Temperature Tips

Hike strategically to beat the heat when the daytime high temperatures are expected to exceed above 85°F (30°C).

Strategy 1 – Start Early (I like just after sunrise).

timestamp 657 am

The time stamp on this photos is 6:57 am. We finished the morning hike by 11:00. The daytime high was close to 100F. We had a beautiful, cool and enjoyable hike. We finished just as the temperatures were getting too hot.

 

Strategy 2 – Hike in areas with bodies of water to cool down if you get too hot.

Take a Dip

In the heat of the summer, most of my hikes are along waterways. Oh the relief a cool dip provides and the wet clothes provide a portable evaporative cooler when you continue the hike.

 

Strategy 3 – Carry extra water to soak your clothes.

Water Splash

Where water is scarce and your hike takes you into the high temperatures of the day, carry some extra water to pour on your cotton shirt. The relief is immediate and the your spirit will quickly soar.

When I do a hike that has an approach and then a loop that comes back to the approach – some folks call this a lollipop pattern –  I stash extra water at the start of the loop section of the hike, then when we complete the loop I pour the extra water  on everyone’s shirt – which are hopefully cotton.  This cools us down for the return hike to the car.

Wear Desert Clothing

Plan your desert hiking clothing to help regulate your core body temperature in a variety of conditions – from cool and wet to hot and dry. Desert dwellers prefer clothing that provides full coverage from the sun, is breathable and is layer able.  Short sleeves and pants expose large areas of the body to the radiant heat of the sun and are not as beneficial as one might think. Covering the skin with loose clothing is a far more effective cooling strategy.  See What to Bring on Your Day Hike for more information on clothing and gear.

Version 2

Desert dwellers prefer full coverage. The suns rays are intense in the high desert and absorption of these rays by the body will quickly raise your body temperature. The shirt is cotton and the hat should have a wide brim of 3″ or more.

Carry More Water Than You May Need

The common advise to hikers is to have 2-3 quarts of drinking water on hikes.  This amount is often adequate for spring or fall hikes, however it is the minimum you should carry if you will be hiking in temperatures of 85°F (30°C) or higher.  Remember to check the volume of commercially bottled water – many are far less than a quart.

                                                                                                                                                                      

Plant and Animal Considerations

                                                                                                                                                                      

The canyons of the Escalante River have very few plants or animals that are truly of concern to the hiker.

Plants

Plants pose the greatest challenge from being hit or poked by them.  Of course deserts are known for pokey plants and this desert is no different; having sharp spines is a key defense for many desert plants.

Hiking through brush and being hit by branches is likely the greatest plant challenge of the area.  When hiking in a group, there are two predominant theories for hiking through brush.  First the person going through fist should be careful to not let a branch fly back and hit the next person in line.  The other theory is that the person behind should keep enough distance that he or she will not be hit be such errantly swinging branches.  I tend to subscribe to the second approach, primarily because all to often I have seen a branch snag a hikers pack, without the hiker knowing, and then release with out the hiker realizing.  In this situation, it is best for the person behind to beware.  Of course it never hurts for the person in front to call back about the potential for swinging branches.

The other plant risk is poison ivy.  Poison ivy does exist along the waterways, primarily the more narrow streams.  Be alert to this plant when hiking in its prime habitat.   rinsing the affected area in the stream immediate after contact is a common remedy for removing the oils, and washing with soap as soon as possible is considered a more effective remedy.   If you hike with a dog, be extra careful since they do not always take the time to slow down and recognize the plant before bashing through it and getting the oils on their coat.

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                      

Enjoy Your Desert Hike

                                                                                                                                                                      

            Hiking in the canyons of the high mountain desert is a novel experience for many hikers.  The challenges of such hiking are often different than most hikers expect. Taking the time to learn how to prepare for the hike and how to take care of your self during the hike will help you have an amazing experience.

Savor the day.

IMG_8920.JPG

An Après Hike at the Kiva Koffeehouse is a wonderful way to savor the day and reflect on a glorious experience.

If you need help planning your hiking adventures in the Escalante Canyons, please feel free to contact us, we are happy to help you create your memorable excursion.

Here is how you can get in touch with us.

Telephone – 435-335-7710

Email – using our contact form

Come home to nature, it welcomes you!